Tenses : Present Tense

what are tenses


First, what are Tenses?
Tenses are verbs use to express an action and the time that the action was performed or happens, that is, the time that the verb was executed.

You know if something happened today, the verb to be used will be different from the verb to be used if something happened yesterday or will happen tomorrow. Join our English Tutorial Session Now.

Types Of Tenses

a] Present Tense,
b] Past Tense
c] Past Participle
d] And Future Tense.

So let examine them one after the other,

Present Tense

Let examine present tense first,
Present tense : from the word present, present tense are tenses used for ongoing activities, that is, it is the type of tenses used when something are still happening.top↑

E.g you, what are you doing now? You are reading, it is still happening, that is, you are still reading,
But if you want to tell your friend that you……. on Waponpoint.com yesterday, you will not use reading because, it has become a past tense but read.
Other examples of Present tense generally are has/have, go, am and is, etc. You might also want to consider reading The Rules Of Concord

Types Of Present Tense

There four types of Present Tense;

a] Simple present tense : is the tense used to express action that happens often.top↑

1) James goes to school everyday.
2] james usually goes to school everyday.
Other words that are associated with simple present tense are, often, occasionally,frequently, everyday, every time, every month or week and seldom, etc.
When you see any one of those words in a sentence, that means or imply that the sentence is a simple present tense.

b] Present continuous tense : this is the type of tense that is used to express ongoing action, present tense is used to express something that is still happening at a moment of speaking.top↑

1) what are you doing? You are reading, right, and you are still doing it and you will still continue to read until you feel like to stop or by an external force.
What you are doing is present and the action is still continuing, so hence it is called Present continuous tense.

Note : in English language continuous term is also known as gerund, that is, (ing).

Consider reading Noun And Pronoun

Other words associated with Present continuous tense are at a moment and at present, etc.

c] Present perfect tense : it is used to express a past action to or till present action, that is, present perfect action is used to express an action that has been happening from the past till the present.top↑

1) what have you been doing since morning? You have been reading since morning till now.
Assuming you have been online since about an hour ago even if it one minute ago, and you have been reading from then till now. That means from the past till now.
Other words associated with Present perfect tense are not yet, since, just now, already, etc.

And the last one, Present continuous perfect tense

d] Present perfect continuous tense : is used to express an action that has been happening in a long time in the past and still continue till present and didn’t stop at the present but also continues.

1) assuming you have been reading on Waponpoint.com for like almost a week now and you are still reading and you will still continue to be reading on Waponpoint.com.
That means you have been reading from the past till present and you will still continue to be reading on Waponpoint.com.
Other words associated with Present perfect continuous tense are for and since, etc.top↑

Note : if you don’t like or don’t understand with the way am using my examples, please kindly let me know, I just think that maybe if am using what you are doing as an example, maybe you will understand it better and if you like the idea also let me know, via the comment box. All you can join our Tutorial Class

Let stop here for today next class will be on future tense
Next Topic :Future Tense

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