What Are Predicators?
The second element of a clause you must have is the predicator. To put it simply, this refers to verbs. If there is no verb in a sentence, the sentence will be meaningless, senseless and useless. But if the ONLY word that makes a sentence is a verb, it is still a very sensible sentence. So, you see how very important the verb is.
Now, after giving the subject, e.g. He/She/They/You/I/The girls/The table etc, the next thing is the verb (P). You can choose one of the following categories of verbs:
(i) lexical verb e.g. goes, dances, speak, work, eat etc.
NOTE All action action verbs are lexical verbs.
(ii) Anomalous verb e.g. has, have and had.
NOTE : has is a singular verb, have is a plural verband had is the past tense of has and have.top↑
I will explain this better under the use of anomalous verb
(iii) modal auxiliary verb e.g. will, shall, can, should, could and would. Those are the modal auxiliary verb that we have.
(iv) primary auxiliary verb e.g. is, are and were etc.top↑
Now to include a verb to a subject one or two of the above categories must be included.
(i) modal auxiliary verb + lexical verb, e.g can speak, shall go, shall speak, will go, can dance etc.
(ii) primary auxiliary verb + lexical verb, e.g. are going, is going, are speaking, were beaten, are reading, is reading etc.top↑
(iii) Anomalous verb + lexical verb, e.g. has gone, has eaten, have gone, had spoken etc.
Now what am saying is that: Subject + any of these categories of verb will form a correct english, So let us look at this together.
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Subject Verb (Predicator)
a) She ) a) type i (a) above: (lexical
verb) e.g speak = she speaks
b) it ) b) type iii (b) above: lexical
(gone)+ anomalous verb
(has) = it has gone.
c) He ) c) type i (b) above:
lexical (go) + modal
auxiliary verb (will) = He
d) We ) d) type ii (b) above:
lexical(going) + primary
auxiliary verb (are) = we
e) They ) e) type ii (a) above:
anomalous verb alone
(have) e.g They have a
Now you should be able to arrange the subject and predicator (verbs).
Now you should be careful to ensure that after you have chosen a subject, simply choose any one of the five categories of verbs stated above.
After Subject is predicator. After predicator is the complement. What is the complement in a clause?top↑
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