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The Bill In Parliament
What is a bill ?
Bill : A bill is a proposed law to be discussed in the parliament in order for it to become a law.
Types Of Bill
There three types of bill which are ; the Public bill, Money bill and the private member's bill.
so let analyse it one by one;
a] Public Bill : is a bill that is issued by the executive arm to the legislature which deals with problems that affect the whole or a section of the country.
b] Money Bill : is a bill that deals with how government raises and spend money.
So therefore a money bill can be in form of a budget, And a budget is the total estimation of government revenue and expenditure in a financial year and also money bill is issued by the executive.top↑
c] Private Member's Bill : is a bill introduced into the parliament by a member of such house or parliament.
We have know what a bill is now, now what will need to know is how a Bill is Passed in The Parliament in Order to Become a Law.
How A Bill Is Passed In The Parliament In Order To Become A Law
a] First Reading : when the draft of a bill is presented to the clerk of the house by minister or a member of the parliament depending on the type of bill, the clerk will read out the bill to the house for the house to study it and fixed a date for the second read to commence.top↑
b] Second Reading : After the first read by the clerk, the next stage is for the person that brought the bill to the house to explain to the house the purpose of the bill and then the members of the parliament will then debate or argue for or against the bill whether it should be read a second time.
It will be put to vote in the house and if more members vote for the bill, then the bill will be transfer to the next stage and if not, that will be the end of that bill and no ammendment of bill would be proposed or made.top↑
c] Committee Stage : committee stage is a stage where the bill is referred to committee which can be the committee of the whole house or standing committee depending on the importance of the bill.
A committee of the whole house comprises all members chaired by the speaker or president of the house or Senate respectively.
All the members in a committee of the whole house consider the bill section by section and amendments proposed and voted for.
If the bill is less important, the bill will be referred to standing committee where members are constituted into groups of four or five for purposes of considering bills.top↑
The bill will now be considered in each standing committee and amendments made.
d] Report Stage : This is the stage where all the findings of the various standing committee are reported to the house or the bill placed before the house after all the amendments have been made.
It is the speaker of the house or the chairman of the standing committee that will read the bill in its amended form to the house.
It depends on the type of bill that will determine who will read the bill to the house, if the bill is important it will be the speaker of the house to read the bill to the house but if the bill is less important it will be the chairman of the standing committee that will read the bill.
So what am saying is that it depends if it is the standing committee or the whole committee of the house that did the committee stage.top↑
e]Third Reading : This is the final stage,
At this stage a thorough look would be taken on the bill in order to correct certain errors connected with the drafting or amendment.
Another vote that is, a final vote will be taken on the bill at this stage.
The bill will now be taken to the President for his assent after the bill has passed all the five stages in both houses of representative and Senate.
The bill will automatically become a law after being signed by the President.
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In case of presidential veto, the President has the power in an executive presidential system of the government to veto the legislative bill by not signing it to become a law.
After thirty days, the legislature is empowered to withdraw such a bill back to the legislature.
If the bill is now supported by two-third majority, the bill thus becomes a law automatically without the President assent.top↑