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In English Language, there are some certain verbs that have a long span of execution of action and others that have a short span of execution of action. Those that have a short span of action, that is, short moment of executing or carrying them out are called Short term verbs and those that have long span of action, that is, long moment of executing or carrying them out are called long term verbs
a] Taking salute
b] Leaping over the fence
c] Washing clothes
If you observe the examples above, you will see that 2 of examples is done in that is, very fast.
When taking salute, the action is quick and sharp.
And also when leaping over the fence, the action is done quick and fast but when washing clothes, it is not. And even if it is fast, that is your own call not the way its suppose to be, the only reason that can make someone to wash clothes in a fast tempo is only if such person have something else to do.top↑
Hence, when a short term verb is used, the verb remains in its base form not in past tense or inflection (s) in gerund form, I.e the ing form.
a) I saw him leap over the fence not
I saw him leaped (past tense) over the fence Or I saw him leaping (gerund I.e ing) over the fence.top↑
b) I saw him come into the room not
I saw him coming into the room Or I saw him came into the room.
Please note that example 2, it’s very important.
c) I watched the soldier take a fast salute not
I watched the soldier taking a fast salute.
When a long term verb is used, the verb can be in gerund form, that is, the ing form
d) We caught her washing dishes not
we caught her wash dishes top↑
1) I saw James () an egg on the wall.
What is the correct answer?
Imagine that you are smashing egg on a wall, will you be fast about it or slow about it? Just picture it….
In you imagination, you will see that, the action is a quick tempo, hence a short term verb.
Hence, the answer is b,
I saw james an egg on the wall not
I saw james smashed or smashing an egg on the wall.top↑
Brief : The process of smashing or throwing an egg to a wall or house is called Egging and it is prohibited. (Egging is a crime).
2) We all saw the gang () and hit the man on the head.
d] to approach
The answer is a, because approaching is a long term verb.
We all saw the gang and hit the man on the head not
we all saw the gang approaches Or approach and hit the man on the head.top↑
Approached is also a correct option, if it is in the option but we only have approaching in the option.
Ne-Plus Ultra Adjectives
1) This is more triangular than that, where triangular is the adjective.
“This is more triangular than that”
We have already said something has three angles, that is, triangular, so how can it be more triangle” than another.
Do you understand now.
The point is, it is wrong to grade non-gradeble adjectives.top↑
It is wrong to say;
a] James is more superior than me, instead you say;
ai] James is superior to me
b] James is inferior to me.
Other Associated Ne-Plus Ultra Adjectives
Other associated ne-plus ultra adjectives are Wrong, right, senior, junior, supreme, superior, inferior, paramount, preferable, final, unique and all shapes, be it rectangular, sphere circle or whatever.top↑
So it is also wrong to say;
I am more senior than him instead you say I am to him.
Let stop here, till next class.
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